List of federally authorized marijuana medicines in the U.S. is quick

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Jason Alden / Bloomberg by means of Getty Photos

An employee holds bottles of Epidiolex, a cannabinoid-primarily based medicine, at the GW Pharmaceuticals facility in Sittingbourne, England. Epidiolex is amongst just a handful of cannabis-primarily based drugs authorized by the U.S. Meals and Drug Administration for use in the United States. The United Kingdom is the most significant producer of cannabis for healthcare and scientific purposes, according to the United Nations.

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The debate more than the overall health effects of cannabis has been polarizing for lots of years. Only in the previous couple of decades has the substance been legally applied for medicinal purposes. Presently, there are 4 cannabis-connected drug goods authorized by the U.S. Meals and Drug Administration. 

They are Marinol, Syndros and Cesamet, which include synthetic cannabinoids and Epidiolex, the 1st FDA-authorized drug that includes cannabis

The Cannabis Query is a series exploring queries about proposals to legalize marijuana in Wisconsin.

Associated story: Wisconsinites use cannabis as a medicine, but study and the law are not but on their side

Marinol was 1st authorized to treat nausea and vomiting brought on by cancer chemotherapy but now  involves the therapy of weight loss and anorexia in men and women with HIV. As a outcome, the drug is a Schedule III drug, which means it has an accepted medicinal use. Syndros was authorized for the similar indications as Marinol.

Cesamet mimics the effects of THC, the psychotropic ingredient in cannabis. It has been authorized for chemotherapy-connected nausea and vomiting and as such, is a Schedule II drug. 

Alisa Ivanitskaya / Wisconsin Watch

In June, Illinois lawmakers voted to join 10 other states plus the District of Columbia in legalizing recreational marijuana. A total of 33 states plus D.C. have legal healthcare marijuana. Legalization of recreational marijuana use in Illinois requires impact Jan. 1, 2020.

Epidiolex is authorized by the FDA for the therapy of seizures connected with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome, two extreme and tricky-to-treat types of childhood-onset epilepsy. Epidiolex is a Schedule V drug, the least restrictive classification in the Controlled Substances Act.

There are some cannabis-derived drugs that are not but authorized in the United States, like Sativex, a mixture spray of THC and cannabidiol.

Sativex combines equal quantities of THC and CBD from two cannabis extracts. This solution, which is sprayed inside the cheek or beneath the tongue, has been authorized to alleviate the symptoms connected with numerous sclerosis, like muscle spasms and neuropathic discomfort. Sativex has been authorized in 25 nations outdoors of the United States, like Canada and the United Kingdom.

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